Various kinds of denim fabric

Over the years, quite a few forms of denim have been developed. Here’s some information on a few of the most popular options:

Bull Denim

Bull Denim fabric is constructed with a 3×1 twill construction creating a soft durable material that will hold up to everyday use in home decor applications. This is one of our most popular fabrics for making slipcovers, upholstery projects, jackets, pants, skirts, aprons, handbags & more. It is extremely durable and soft

Cotton Serge Denim

Cotton Serge Denim ad manufactured from 100 percent cotton in a diagonal pattern. The Cotton Serge Denim is well known for its sturdy and resilient features.

Crushed Denim

Crushed Denim are fabrics that look permanently wrinkled by weaving it with over twisted weft yarn and shrinks when washed. The result can be made even more visible by stone washing and/or bleaching.

Dual Ring-Spun Denim

Dual Ring-Spun Denim is also called “ring X ring”. Signifies a denim weave in which both the warp and weft threads are made of ring-spun yarn. It creates a much softer and textured hand than both open-end and regular (single) ring-spun denim. Due to higher denim production costs, it is usually only used by higher-end, premium denim labels.

Ecru Denim

Generally, the denim fabrics are dyed with Indigo colour and Ecru Denims are the one that is not been dyed and has the look of a natural hue of cotton.

Natural Denim

A type of ring-ring denim naturally uneven in warp and weft.

Open End Denim

Open End or OE Spinning was introduced in the 1970s, reducing cost by omitting several elements of the traditional spinning process. The cotton fibres are ‘mock twisted’ by blowing them together. Open End denim is bulkier, coarser and darker, because it absorbs more dye, and wears less well than Ring Spun denim.

Over Twisted Denim

Over Twisted Denim is made from yarn that is over twisted, giving the fabric a particular crinkled surface.

Polycore Denim

Often found in replica jeans, offers the best mix of the strength of the polyester core and vintage aesthetic of cotton top thread layer.

Printed Denim

Printed Denim are fabrics printed with a pattern such as a batik, stripe or floral, for example-often in contrasting colours and aimed at a very young market.

Raw/Dry Denim

In denim production Raw/Dry denim are fabrics that haven’t gone through the pre-wash process therefore, they are pretty stiff on the first-time use. It takes a few weeks of regular wear to break-in and loosens up the denim cloth.

Ring Denim

A traditional type of denim fabric, denim manufacturers revived in the late ’80s and early ’90-s, using the ring-spun yarn for the warp. Characterized by a softer hand and an uneven surface appearance.

Ring-Ring Denim

Ring/Ring or double ring-spun denim uses the ring-spun yarn for both warp and weft. This is the traditional way to produce denim. It’s possible to combine a ring-spun warp fabric with an Open-End Weft, to get much of the strength and look of the traditional ring/ring denim at a lower cost.

Ring-spun Denim

Ring-spun yarns were traditionally used by denim manufacturers until the late 1970s but were later supplanted by cheaper Open-End yarns. This is a spinning process in which the individual fibres are fed onto the end of the yarn while it is in the “twisting” stage. The process consists of a ring, a ring traveller and a bobbin that rotates at high speed. The ring-spun yarn produced by this method creates unique surface characteristics in the fabric, including unevenness, which gives jeans an irregular authentic vintage look. Ring-spun yarns add strength, softness, and character to denim fabric.

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